The Holocaust is a difficult but necessary subject to learn and teach. Here is a detailed list of 50+ books about the Holocaust for middle school, including a mix of fiction and nonfiction.
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Holocaust Books – Fiction
My top favorites are marked with an asterisk *. All of the following books are written with children/young adults in mind and are free of heavy adult content. There is no sexual content or profanity and violence is present and accurate, but not overly graphic unless otherwise noted.
Part Elie Wiesel (Night) and part Anne Frank, this is one of my favorite Holocaust fiction books. Although it has obvious historical violence, this is a fantastic story of a teenager’s journey through two concentration camps, the infamous Auschwitz Birkenau and Buchenwald.
Young Hitler Youth member Korinna discovers her parents are hiding Jews in her bedroom wall! During a time when Hitler Youth children are required to report any “suspicious” activity to their Hitler Youth leaders, Korinna must decide what she will do.
Number the Stars is a classic story about a Danish girl and her family, and her Jewish friend she helps save. It was written for elementary students but is a great introduction to the Holocaust. It is also a Newbery winner. Grab the novel study here.
In this semi-autobiographical novel, a Jewish boy must survive on his own in the Warsaw Ghetto, waiting for his father to return. I really enjoyed the book and the under-rated movie, which I’d recommend to students ages 12+.
Although Marisa is Jewish, her blond hair and blue eyes allow her to pass as Aryan. To save her life, Marisa ends up working in a Nazi family’s household. It has great characters, a great plot, and is easy to follow.
13-year-old Michael is the son of the Irish ambassador in Germany. To gain access to top-secret blueprints, he joins the Hitler Youth as a spy. This book is action-packed and fast-paced (to a point the ending is 100% unrealistic). Still, I’d recommend it. It gives a great background on the Hitler Youth and brings up a great morality and ethics discussion. Grab the book study here.
Originally titled The Silver Sword, this was one of the first Holocaust books I read and remains one of my favorites. Partially based on a true story, it tells the adventure-filled tale of three Polish siblings who are separated from their parents. The three siblings’ mission is to get to free and neutral Switzerland.
Felix is a Jewish boy living in Germany in 1942, living in a Catholic orphanage. He is oblivious to the war around him, which turns dangerous when he goes out to warn his parents when he believes they are in danger. This is the first in a quartet. This is a popular book for middle schoolers, but I felt it wasn’t as good as many others I’ve read. It also showed the horrors more than others on this list.
Narrated by death, this story follows eleven-year-old Liesel, a young foster girl living in Munich, Germany. As a self-proclaimed “book thief,” Liesel uses books to bond with neighbors during bombing raids and the Jewish man hiding in her basement. This bestseller was also turned into a movie and is recommended for high school students especially.
Holocaust Books – Non-Fiction
This memoir is written by one of the youngest Jews on Schindler’s List. 10-year-old Leon Leyson, both of his parents, and two of his siblings survived the war. This is one memoir I keep coming back to, and one I would highly recommend! You can read my full review here.
A common myth is Jews did very little to resist the Nazis and went like sheep to the slaughter. Rappaport includes many little-known stories about Jewish resistance during the Holocaust. She covers several acts of Jewish resistance including escapes, the Sondorkommando uprising, the Jewish partisans, and the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. This book is included in my Holocaust Unit Study for grades 6-8, Tell Them We Remember.
This classic, bestselling memoir has been read by millions across the globe. Anne Frank is a young girl who wrote this memoir while hiding from the Nazis.
This may be a bit too young for this age group, but Survivors a fantastic little book with 9 children survivor’s stories. Their stories are each different and unique, ranging from life in hiding to a few who survived the concentration camps.
Rena Finder was only eleven-years-old when she and her family were forced into the Warsaw Ghetto. Rena and her mother were saved by working for a man named Oskar Schindler, a Nazi who rescued over one thousand Jews by employing them in his factory. This wasn’t as engrossing as some of the others on the list. The horrors of the Holocaust are explained but subdued.
For six years, Lila and her family moved across a variety of refugee, transit, and prison camps, before finally emigrating to America after the war. The story isn’t as detailed or graphic as some books.
Corrie ten Boom was a Dutch Christian who hid several Jews in her home, called The Hiding Place. She and her sister were ultimately arrested and taken to a concentration camp. Despite their struggles, Corrie and her sister remained faithful in this inspiring story. Students may also enjoy The Hiding Place, which is appropriate for this age range.
This is one of my favorite Holocaust memoirs, mostly because I related a lot to Livia’s pre-war life. This made the story a lot more real. Thirteen-year-old Elli’s life changes forever when the Nazis invaded Hungary in 1944. We see Elli’s sense of normalcy begin to unravel as Jews are stripped away from their rights. Through hope, Elli survives the horrors of Auschwitz. There are also two follow-up stories, but I haven’t read them yet.
This amazing story is about 12-year-old Jack Mandelbaum’s journey and survival through a concentration camp. It is a short read and a touching story with many lessons for today.
Although very similar to The Hiding Place, I enjoyed Diet’s memoir much better. Diet (pronounced deet) Eman was a young Dutch woman during WWII, and actively fought in the Resistance. Despite being arrested and taken to a concentration camp, Diet Eman’s faith led her through. This is the only adult book I have on here, however it has Christian themes and no profanity or sexual content and is appropriate for middle school students.
When only a little girl, Eva Kor faced the Angel of Death – Josef Mengele. Mengele was a Nazi scientist obsessed with twinning, as he wanted to create a perfect blond-haired blue-eyed race. Kor and her twin Miriam miraculously survived. Despite harboring many years of hatred, Kor later went back and forgave the Nazis.
This is a collection of biographies of hidden children during the Holocaust that I quite enjoyed. 99% of France’s Jewish children survived the Holocaust, mostly due to the brave men and women who cared for them.
Hitler Youth is an absolute must-read. I believe every child should learn about the Hitler Youth. This informational book is a great way to start, as it introduces readers to the roots of Nazi Germany, Hitler Youth, and this effective brainwashing. I also enjoyed how Bartoletti also included some stories of teenagers who resisted Hitler. This was a Newbery Honor book. Grab the book study here.
This young adult memoir is written by one of “Schindler’s Jews,” Hannelore. There’s a tear-jerking love story in the midst and shows how love can prevail in the midst of dark times.
Catholic social worker Irena Sendler smuggled 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto. She and all of the children survived. Here is her incredible story. There is an adult and a young adult version. There’s also a Hallmark Hall of Fame film about Irena.
Freedman offers an in-depth look at the White Rose, a German resistance group led by college students. The story of the White Rose is powerful since the group was counter-cultural and ultimately sacrificed their lives for what they believed in. The story shows how even teenagers are not too young to make a difference.
Parallel Journeys follows two journeys during the Holocaust; a female Jewish Holocaust survivor, Helen, and a male Hitler Youth, Alfons Heck. They were born miles away from each other but had drastically different experiences during the war. I loved this dual perspective. After the war, Helen and Alfons traveled together to tell their story in schools.
After WWII, the world wanted the most notorious Nazi criminals caught, tried, and executed. This thrilling story tells the true story of spies and survivors who hunted Eichmann, the architect of the Holocaust. This story was turned into a movie, Operation Finale.
This haunting collection of artwork and poetry was created by the children in the Terezin concentration camp. 15,000 children passed through Terezin, but fewer than 100 survived. Their stories live on through the pages of this book.
Often used in college history or philosophy classes, the actual story of the Sunflower is only about 100 pages long. The second half of the book is commentary on the book from notable individuals including scholars, genocide survivors, and more. This story explores the limits of forgiveness and makes excellent discussion.
Perhaps the most famous Holocaust memoir, 15-year-old Elie Wiesel describes his experience in Auschwitz and Buchenwald in this haunting memoir. Despite its short length, it is gut-wrenching and brutal at times. I would recommend it for ages 15+.
Based on a True Story
This based-on-a-true-story tells the tale of an 8-year-old Jewish orphan who lives in the forest and in Polish farms hiding from the Nazis, loses his arm, and survives the war. The only downside of this amazing novel was the profanity and some sexual content, which I think was a little too much for the target range. Other than that, fantastic, thrilling story. The movie is available on Netflix and is great for middle school students.
Based on the true story of Helmuth Hubener, The Boy Who Dared is written in flashback. I wasn’t the biggest fan of the writing style, but it tells the inspiring story of three brave teenagers who spoke out against Hitler by writing illegal anti-Nazi pamphlets.
Inspired by the author’s life, a nine-year-old girl and her family must flee to Switzerland in pre-WWII. It offers an introduction to why they were forced to move and shows their struggles adapting to a new land.
I’ve read several of Alan Gratz’s novels and have never been disappointed. In this true story, we follow along the journey of a teenager who survives ten different concentration camps and two death marches. It’s a gripping, amazing story that will leave your heart aching during several parts. Jack had a sense of humanity that I found incredible, which really sets this apart from other Holocaust stories. This book is included in my Holocaust Unit Study for grades 6-8, Tell Them We Remember.
A few more:
- Alicia by Alicia Appleman
- Between Shades of Grey by Ruta Sepetys (This focuses more on Stalin’s labor camps but was very well written. It is a young adult novel best for high school students.)
- The Endless Steppe by Esther Hautzig
- Shadows in His Hand by Wendy Lawton
- The Librarian of Auschwitz by Antonio Iturbe
- Waldek by Blanca Miosi